Battle of Pelusium

(525 b.c.)
   A battle fought between the Egyptians and the Persians near Pelusium, a town strategically situated southwest of the Palestinian town of Gaza and east of the Nile delta. (In ancient times, a branch of the Nile emptied into the Mediterranean Sea not far from Pelusium; that branch later dried up.) The Persians were led by their king, Cambyses, son of Cyrus II, who sought to invade Egypt and make it part of the growing Persian Empire. The Egyptian commander was the reigning pharaoh, Psammetichus III. Most of the details of the battle itself are unknown. Ctesias, a fourth-century Greek historian who worked at the Persian court and wrote a history of Persia, which is now lost except for a few fragments, claimed that seven thousand Persians and fifty thousand Egyptians were killed. These numbers may well be exaggerated, but there is no doubt that Cambyses was the victor and went on to capture most of the rest of Egypt. This was confirmed by Herodotus in his own book, which survives. Herodotus writes that he visited Pelusium a few decades later, and "at the place where the battle was fought . . . the bones still lay there, those of the Persian dead separate from those of the Egyptian, just as they were originally divided." (Histories 3.13)
   See also: Cambyses; Egypt; Persian Empire

Ancient Mesopotamia dictioary. . 2015.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Battle of Pelusium (525 BC) — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Pelusium (525 BC) partof= caption= date= May 525 BC place=Pelusium, Egypt casus= territory=Egypt was annexed by Persia. result=Decisive Persian victory. combatant1=Kingdom of Egypt Carian mercenaries… …   Wikipedia

  • Pelusium — was a city in the eastern extremes of Egypt s Nile Delta, 30 km to the southeast of the modern Port Said. Alternative names include Sena and Per Amun (Egyptian, Coptic: Coptic|Ⲡⲉⲣⲉⲙⲟⲩⲛ Paramoun meaning House or Temple of Amun), Pelousion (Greek,… …   Wikipedia

  • Pelusium — • Titular metropolitan see in Egypt, mentioned in Ezekiel 30:15 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Pelusium     Pelusium     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Battle of Katia — Part of The Defence of the Sue …   Wikipedia

  • Achaemenid Empire — Persian Empire redirects here. For other uses, see Persian Empire (disambiguation). Persian Empire ← …   Wikipedia

  • List of battles (geographic) — This list of battles is organized geographically, by country in its present territory. For other lists of battles, see List of battles. Angola* Battle of Mbwila 1665 * Battle of Quifangondo 1975 * Battle of Cassinga 1978 * Battle of Cuito… …   Wikipedia

  • Список сражений до н. э. — …   Википедия

  • List of Battles of Egypt — Pharonic = * Battle of Bitter Lakes 925 BC Shoshenq I of Egypt defeats a Bedouin incursion after surprising the enemy at the shores of the Bitter Lakes. * Battle of Pelusium 525 BC Egypt almost annexed by Persia. * Battle of the Delta circa 1178… …   Wikipedia

  • Iran, ancient — Introduction also known as  Persia        historic region of southwestern Asia that is only roughly coterminous with modern Iran. The term Persia was used for centuries, chiefly in the West, to designate those regions where Persian language and… …   Universalium

  • weapons and warfare, land —    Mesopotamia was not only the site of the world s first cities, but also of humanity s first major land armies and wars. Archaeological evidence shows that small scale fighting among tribes and villages was an inevitable phenomenon across the… …   Ancient Mesopotamia dictioary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.